Over the past couple of years Europe and the whole world have undergone extensive changes. These changes are based on the development of science, technics and economic growth linked with innovation dynamics of the past decades. This implies more requirements for training and development of human resources.
It also entails continuous refining of one’s knowledge, skills and gaining new qualifications. Another key phenomenon that already influences the level of education and is likely to do so more and more is a rapid development of information and communication technologies. The Ministry of Defence pays an increased attention to the training of human resources.
However, education does not restrict to only certain entry periods of one’s life. It has become a continuous life-long process running not only formally by means of an educational system, but also utilizes all of the gained experience which soldiers pick up especially on both military and peace-keeping missions abroad.Introduction of the concept of lifelong learning implies a fundamental transformation of the educational system.
The military system of lifelong education at the Ministry of Defence is based on military career courses. Every career soldier must complete them so as to fulfill required qualification requirements. This education also includes a system of specialty, specialization, refreshment and other military courses that enhance professionalism of every soldier.
In addition, the Ministry runs an elaborate system of language training. An intensive instruction especially of the English language is organized in compliance with the STANAG 6001 standard and Concept of Language Training at the Ministry of Defence. In order to increase the capability of mutual communication with NATO components, the Language Centre at University of Defence orchestrates language courses for members of the Army of the Czech Republic. Students of military schools study foreign languages too. The level of language proficiency of the personnel of the Ministry of Defence is increasing continuously. Members of the Armed Forces are capable of fulfilling given tasks not only on missions abroad, but also working in NATO structures. The Czech Republic thus significantly contributes towards enhancing the interoperability between the NATO and EU states, despite being a small country. Therefore, even the mutual comparability of education and readiness of graduates of various educational systems (e.g. within the Erasmus+ program) is becoming more and more important.
The structure of educational and training facilities is based on the educational requirements of the Armed Forces:
- University of Defence (3 faculties, 1 university institute, and 3 university centers),
- Military Branch at the Faculty of Physical Training and Sports of Charles University, Prague,
- Military Secondary School and Advanced Vocational School of the Ministry of Defence in Moravská Třebová;
- Training Command – Military Academy (school subordinate to the Ministry of Defence).